VERB

Verbs

 

  • Transitive Verb: Kata kerja yang memerlukan object, kebalikanya adalah Intransitive Verb
  • State of Being: Kata kerja yang tidak kelihatan aktifitasnya, hanya menyatakan tantang hal kerja.
  • Action Verbs: Kata kerja yang kelihatan aktifitas dan geraknya.
  • Regular Verbs: Kata kerja yang bentuknya kata kerja kedua dan ketiganya beraturan yaitu tinggal menambah huruf “d” atau “ed”.
  • Irregular Verbs: kebalikan dari regular verbs, pola katanya tidak beraturan.
  • Infinitive: kata kerja dasar/pertama, yang bisa berupa to infinitive atau bare to infinitive
  • Past form: kata kerja yang menyatakan suatu perbuatan talah dilakukan pada masa tertentu.
  • Continuous/progressive: Bisaanya kata kerja yang menyatakan sedang berlangsung.
  • Perfect form : Meyatakan perbuatan yang telah sempurna, talah dan masih terjadi atau barusan terjadi pada waktu yang tidak tertentu dimasa lalu)

SIMPLE TENSE
Simple present (action or situation exists now):

I dance.
He dances.
They dance.

Present progressive (action is in progress):

I am dancing.
He is dancing.
We are dancing.

Present perfect (action begins in the past and leads up to and includes the present):

I have danced.
She has danced.
You have danced.

Present perfect progressive (action begins in the past, continues in the present, and may continue into the future):

I have been dancing.
He has been dancing.
They have been dancing.

PAST TENSE
Simple past (actions or situations are complete and completely in the past):

They danced.
We danced.
She danced.

Past progressive (actions in the past occurred over a period of time):

She was dancing.
They were dancing.
I was dancing.

Past perfect (an action that has been completed before another action or situation):

She had danced.
We had danced.
You had danced.

Past perfect progressive (an ongoing action in the past has ended):

She had been dancing.
We had been dancing.
They had been dancing.

FUTURE TENSE
Simple future (actions will occur in the future):

I will dance.
She will dance.
You will dance.

Future progressive (future actions will continue for some time).

I will be dancing.
She will be dancing.
They will be dancing.

Future perfect (actions will be completed by or before a specific future time):

I will have danced.
She will have danced.
They will have danced.

Future perfect progressive (actions are ongoing up to a specific future time):

I will have been dancing.
You will have been dancing.
He will have been dancing.

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